Posted by: Danielle | August 11, 2010

12 Amazing Extinct Animals With Pictures

You have probably never seen most of the animals on this list all of these animals featured have gone extinct within the last 7,000 years, and people are to blame for their extinction, with the exception of a few. Sadly these are just a small handful out of the uncountable many that have been lost.

Here is a list of species most people probably have never seen.

1. Quagga

One of Africa’s most famous extinct animals, it was a subspecies of the plains zebra we see today. They were once found in great numbers in South Africa. The last known wild Quagga was most likely shot in the late 1870s, the last one in captivity died August 12 1883 at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.

2.Thylacine the Tasmanian Tiger

Thylacine was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. Native to Australia and New Guinea, it was more commonly known as the Tasmanian Tiger do to its tiger like stripes on its back.Intensive hunting encouraged by bounties are generally blamed for its extinction. Other contributory factors may have been disease, the introduction of dogs, and humans encroachment on their habitat.  The last known Tasmanian Tiger died in 1936.

The last Tasmanian tiger (thylacine), a female about 12 years old, which  died in 1936.

3. The Irish Deer

The Irish Deer or the Giant Deer was the largest deer that ever lived. It lived in Eurasia, from Ireland all the way to Lake Baikal. It was 7 feet tall at the shoulders, and it had the largest antlers of any deer, the antlers having a maximum width of 12 feet from tip to tip, and weighing up to 90 pounds! Discussion of their cause for extinction has focused on their antlers, suggesting that their large antler size restricted their movement in the forests they lived in. Others consider the possibility it was hunted to extinction by man. It is estimated they died out around 7,700 years ago.

4. Steller’s Sea Cow

It formally lived near the Asian coast in the Bering Sea, it was discovered by Georg Steller. The Sea Cow grew up to 25 feet long and weighed up to three tons, much larger than the manatee or dugong. They were widespread among the North Pacific Coast, and reached as far south as Japan and California. The arrival of humans into the area is believed to have caused their extinction. There are still sporadic reports of Sea Cow like creatures seen around the area, but it has never been proven. The last Sea Cow was believed to have died in 1768.

5. The Dodo

The Dodo is probably the best known extinct species by people. It was a flightless bird from the Island of Mauritius. It stood about three feet tall, and was related to modern day pigeons and doves. It survived on eating fruit, and they built nests on the ground. Humans drove this species to extinction in the 17th century.

6. The Caspian Tiger

The Caspian, or Persian Tiger was the westernmost species of tiger. It was found in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Of all the tigers known to the world, the Caspian was the third largest. Poaching is most likely the cause for this species extinction the last known Caspian Tiger died in the 1970′s.

7. Auroch

The Auroch or Urus were a very large species of cattle. They lived in Poland, Lithuania, Moldavia, Transylvania, and East Prussia. They were hunted for sport by royal families, until the numbers decreased dramatically leaving around 38 left. The last recorded Auroch died in 1627.

8.Giant Auk

The Giant Auk was the only species of the genus Pinguinus to survive to modern times. It was also known as a garefowl or penguin. It stood about 30-34 inches high.They were widespread on islands off the east coast of Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Ireland, and Great Britain. It was hunted to extinction, and became extinct in 1844.

9. The Cave Lion

The Cave Lion also called by the name of European or Eurasian Cave Lion. This subspecies was known as one of the largest known lion subspecies. A male’s body could reach a length of six feet (not including the tail), they were about 5-10% bigger than modern lions. The species went extinct 10,000 years ago during the Wurm glaciation, although there are indications that the Cave Lion may have survived until about 2,000 years ago in the Balkans.

10. The Bubal Hartebeest

The Bubal Hartebeest was a species of antelope, found in Africa. They stood four feet tall at the shoulder. Hunting in the 19th century dramatically decreased its numbers, sealing its fate. The last Bubal Hartebeest was a female who died in Jardin des Plantes in Paris in 1923.

female_Bubal_Hartebeest_that_lived_in_London_Zoo_from_4_October_1883_until_27_April_1897

11. The Golden Toad

The first recorded account of the Golden Toad was by Herpetologist Jay Savage in 1966. It was native to tropical cloud forests that surround Monteverde, Costa Rica. Characterized by its brilliant golden orange color. The extinction of this species is blamed on global warming and climate change, the last Golden Toad was seen in 1989.

Golden Toad

12. Baiji River Dolphin

The Baiji River Dolphin’s population decreased drastically in recent decades, as China industrialized, and made heavy use of their rivers for fishing, transportation, and hydroelectricity. Industrial and Residential waste flowed into the rivers. Noise pollution caused the nearly blind animal to collide with ship propellers,and most deaths were attributed to entanglement in fishing gear. Only a few hundred were left in the 1970′s which dropped to 400 hundred in the 1980′s and then to 13 were left in 1997. A full fledged search was conducted, and the Baiji River Dolphin was declared extinct in late 2006 when the expedition searched their entire range but failed to record a single individual after their extensive search.

Baiji

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